Weird

  • Joel Candau Université Côte d'Azur
Mots-clés: diversité culturelle, interdisciplinarité, nature culturelle, nature naturelle, sciences expérimentales

Résumé

Les sciences comportementales prétendent mettre en évidence des aptitudes cognitives et des traits psychologiques universels. Cependant, leur recours quasi exclusif à des sujets WEIRD (c’est-à-dire : Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic) biaise les résultats expérimentaux sur lesquels s’appuient principalement ces disciplines, parce qu’il est réducteur de la diversité culturelle humaine.

Références

Arnett, J.J. (2008), «The neglected 95%: Why American psychology needs to become less American», American Psychologist, vol.63, n°????7, p.602-614. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.63.7.602

Candau, J. (2018), «The Theuth effect. What does culture do to our brains?» UNESCO Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS).

Caparos, S., L. Ahmed, A.J. Bremner, J.W. De Fockert, K.J. Linnell et F.J. Davidoff (2012), «Exposure to an urban environment alters the local bias of a remote culture», Cognition, vol.122, nº1, p.80-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2011.08.013

Falk E. B., L.W. Hyde, C. Mitchell et al. (2013), «What is a representative brain? Neuroscience meets population science», Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.110, nº44, p.17615-17622.

Henrich, J., S.J. Heine et A. Norenzayan (2010a), «The weirdest people in the world?», Behavioral and Brain Sciences, n°????33, p.61-135. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x0999152x

— (2010b), «Most people are not WEIRD», Nature, n°????466, p.29. https://doi.org/10.1038/466029a

Jones, D. (2010), «A WEIRD View of Human Nature Skews Psychologists' Studies», Science, n°????328, p.1627. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.328.5986.1627

Llaland, K. N. (2017), Darwin’s Unfinished Symphony. How Culture Made the Human Mind, Princeton, University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv39x6r5.4

Lamont, M., L. Adler, Y. Park Bo et X. Xiang (2017), «Bridging cultural sociology and cognitive psychology in three contemporary research programmes», Nature Human Behaviour, vol.1, nº12, p.866-872. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-017-0242-y

Lewinn, K. Z., M.A. Sheridan, K.M. Keyes, A. Hamilton et K.A. McLaughlin (2017), «Sample composition alters associations between age and brain structure”», Nature Communications, vol.8, nº1, p.874. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00908-7

Nisbett, R. E. et Y. Miyamoto (2005), «The influence of culture: holistic versus analytic perception», Trends in Cognitive Sciences, vol.9, nº10, p.467-473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2005.08.004

Talhelm, T., X. Zhang, S. Oisihi et al. (2014), «Large-Scale Psychological Differences Within China Explained by Rice Versus Wheat Agriculture», Science, n°????344, p.603-608. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1246850

Publiée
2018-03-17
Rubrique
Entrées