• Karine Gagné University of Guelph


Mots-clés :

changement climatique, ethnoclimatologie, environnement


Cet article porte sur la manière dont le climat est étudié en anthropologie, depuis l’étude de la manière dont les cultures attribuent sens et valeur au climat et s'adaptent au climat local, à la température, aux inondations et aux précipitations. L’anthropologie s’intéresse également au changement climatique contemporain, à sa construction par la science, à son impact chez les communautés, au rôle qu’elle peut jouer, comme que discipline, quant à l’élaboration de politiques liées au climat.


Barnes, J., Dove, M., Lahsen, M., Mathews, A., Mcelwee, P., Mcintosh, R. et al. (2013), «Contribution of Anthropology to The Study of Climate Change», Nature Climate Change, vol.3, p.541-544.

Batterbury, S. (2008), «Anthropology and Global Warming: The Need f or Environmental Engagement», Australian Journal of Anthropology, vol.19, nº1, p.62-68.

Bauer, A.M. et M. Bhan (2018), Climate Without Nature: A Critical Anthropology of The Anthropocene, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Bharara, L.P. (1982), «Notes on The Experience of Drought: Perception, Recollection, and Prediction». Dans B. Spooner et H.S. Mann H.S. (dir.), Desertification and Development: Dryland Ecology in Social Perspective, Londres Academic Press, p.351-361.

Broad, K. et B. Orlove (2007), «Channeling Globality: The 1997–98 El Niño Climate Event in Peru», American Ethnologist, vol.34, nº2, p.283-300.

Brugger, J., K.W. Dunbar, C. Jurt et B. Orlove (2012), «Climates of Anxiety: Comparing Experience of Glacier Retreat Across Three Mountain Regions», Emotion, Space and Society, vol.6, p.4-13.

Carey, M. (2008), «The Politics of Place: Inhabiting and Defending Glacier Hazard Zones in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca». Dans B. Orlove, E. Wiegandt et B.H. Luckman (dir.), Darkening Peaks: Glacier Retreat, Science, and Society, Berkeley, University of California Press, p.229-240.

Crate, S.A. (2008), «Gone the Bull of Winter: Grappling with The Cultural Implications of and Anthropology’s Role(s) In Global Climate Change», Current Anthropology, vol.49, nº4, p.359-395.

Crate, S. A. (2011), «Climate and Culture: Anthropology in The Era of Contemporary Climate Change», Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.40, p.175-194.

Crate, S.A. et M. Nuttall (dir.), (2009), Anthropology and Climate Change: From Encounters to Actions, Walnut Creek, Left Coast Press.

Cruikshank, J. (2001), «Glaciers and Climate Change: Perspectives from Oral Tradition», Arctic, vol.54, nº4, p.377-393.

Cruikshank, J. (2005), Do Glaciers Listen? Local Knowledge, Colonial Encounter and Social Imagination, Vancouver, UBC Press.

Diemberger, H., K. Hastrup, S. Schaffer, C.F. Kennel, D. Sneath, M. Bravo et al. (2012), «Communicating Climate Knowledge: Proxies, Processes, Politics», Current Anthropology, vol.53, nº2, p.226-244.

Doolittle, A.A. (2010), «The Politics Of Indigeneity: Indigenous Strategies For Inclusion In Climate Change Negotiations», Conservation and Society, vol.8, nº4, p.286-291.

Dove, M.R. (dir.) (2014), The Anthropology of Climate Change: An Historical Reader, West Sussex, Wiley Blackwell.

Finan, T.J. et D.R. Nelson (2001), «Making Rain, Making Roads, Making Do: Public And Private Adaptations To Drought in Ceara, Northeast Brazil», Climate Research, vol.19, p.97-108.

Hastrup, K. et M. Skrydstrup (dir.) (2013), The Social Life of Climate Change Models: Anticipating Nature, New York, Routledge.

Hsu, E. et C. Low (dir.) (2008), Wind, Life, Health: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives, West Sussex, Wiley Blackwell.

Lahsen, M. (2005), «Technocracy, Democracy and U.S. Climate Science Politics: The Need For Demarcations», Science, Technology, & Human Values, vol.30, nº1, p.137-169.

Lazrus, H. (2012), «Sea Change: Island Communities and Climate Change», Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.41, p.285-301.

Marino, E. (2015), Fierce Climate, Sacred Ground: An Ethnography of Climate Change in Shishmaref, Fairbanks, University of Alaska Press.

Mcgovern, T. H. (1994), «Management for Extinction in Norse Greenland». Dans C.L. Crumley (dir.), Historical Ecology: Cultural Knowledge and Changing Landscapes, Santa Fe, School of American Research Press, p.127-154.

Castree, N., W.M. Adams., J. Barry, D. Brockington, B. Büscher, E. Corbera et al. (2014), «Changing The Intellectual Climate», Nature Climate Change, vol.4, p.763-768.

Nuttal, M. (2010), «Anticipation, Climate Change, And Movement in Greenland», Inuit Studies, vol.34, nº1, p.21-37.

O’Reilly, J. (2012), «The Rapid Disintegration Of Projections: The West Antarctic Ice Sheet And The Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change», Social Studies of Science, vol. 42, nº5, p.709-731.

Oliver-Smith, A. et X. Shen (dir.) (2009), Linking Environmental Change, Migration and Social Vulnerability, Bonn, United Nations University.

Olivier-Smith, A. (2009), «Climate Change and Population Displacement: Disasters And Diasporas In The Twenty-First Century». Dans S.A. Crate et M. Nuttall (dir.), Anthropology and Climate Change: From Encounters to Actions, Walnut Creek, Left Coast Press, p.116-136.

Orlove, B. (2009), «The Past, The Present and Some Possible Futures Of Adaptation». Dans W.N. Adger, I. Lorenzoni et K.L. O'Brien, (dirs.), Adapting to Climate Change: Thresholds, Values, Governance, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p.131-163.

Orlove, B., E. Wiegandt et B.H. Luckman (dir.) (2008), Darkening Peaks: Glacier Retreat, Science, and Society, Berkeley, University of California Press.

Orlove, B., J.C.H. Chiang et M.A. Cane (2002), «Ethnoclimatology In The Andes: A Cross-Disciplinary Study Uncovers a Scientific Basis for the Scheme Andean Potato Farmers Traditionally Use to Predict the Coming Rains », American Scientist, vol.90, nº5, p.428-435

Rasmussen, M. B. (2015), Andean Waterways: Resource Politics in Highland Peru, Seattle, University of Washington Press.

Rayner, S. et E.L. Malone (1998), Human Choice and Climate Change, Columbus, Battelle.

Ribot, J.C., A.R. Magalhães et S.S. Panagides (dir.) (1995), Climate Variability, Climate Change, and Social Vulnerability in the Semi-Arid Tropics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Roncoli, C., K. Ingram et P. Kirshen (2002), «Reading the Rains: Local Knowledge and Rainfall Forecasting In Burkina Faso», Society Natural Resource, vol.15, nº5, p.409-427.

Rosen, A. M. (2007), Civilizing Climate: Social Responses to Climate Change in The Ancient Near East, Lanham, Alta Mira Press.

Rudiak-Gould, P. (2012), «Promiscuous Corroboration and Climate Change Translation: A Case Study From The Marshall Islands», Global Environmental Change, vol.22, nº1, p.46-54.

Scheper-Hughes, N. (2005), «Katrina: The Disaster and Its Doubles», Anthropology Today, vol.21, nº6, p.2-4.

Schneider, D. M. (1957), «Typhoons on Yap», Human Organization, vol.16, nº2 p.10-15.

Shaw, R. (1992), «"Nature", "Culture" and Disasters: Floods and Gender in Bangladesh». Dans E. Croll et A.D. Parkin (dir.), Bush Base, Forest Farm: Culture, Environment and Development, Londres, Routledge, p.200-217.

Sillitoe, P. (1994), «Whether Rain or Shine: Weather Regimes from A New Guinea Perspective», Oceania, vol.64, p.246-270.

Skrydstrup, M. (2009), «Planetary Resilience: Codes, Climates, and Cosmoscience in Copenhagen». Dans K. Hastrup (dir.), The Question of Resilience: Social Responses to Climate Change, Copenhague, Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, p.336-359.

Solway, J. S. (1994), «Drought As "Revelatory Crisis": An Exploration of Shifting Entitlements and Hierarchies in the Kalahari, Botswana», Development and Change, vol.25, nº3, p.471-498.

Spillius, J. (1957), «Natural Disaster and Political Crisis in a Polynesian Society: An Exploration of Operational Research II», Human Relations, vol.X, p.113-125.

Strauss, S. et B. Orlove (dir.), (2003), Weather, Climate, Culture, Oxford, Berg.

Weiss, H. A. et R. Bradley (2001), «What Drives Societal Collapse?», Science, vol.291, nº5504, p.609-610.

Zimmermann, F. (1987), «Monsoon in Traditional Culture». Dans J.S. Fein et P.L. Stephens (dir.), Monsoons, New York, John Wiley & Sons, p.51-76.